Arrival of Muhammad (peace be upon him) in Medina

Narrated Urwa Ibn Az-Zubair: "Allah's Messenger  (صلى الله عليه و سلم) met Az-Zubair in a caravan of Muslim merchants who were returning from Sham. Az-Zubair provided Allah's Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and Abu Bakr with white clothes to wear. When the Muslims of Medina heard the news of the departure of Allah's Messenger from Mecca (towards Medina), they started going to the Harra every morning. They would wait for him till the heat of the noon forced them to return. One day, after waiting for a long while, they returned home, and when they went into their houses, a Jew climbed up to the roof of one of the forts of his people to look for something, and he saw Allah's Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and his companions, dressed in white clothes, emerging out of the desert mirage.

"The Jew could not help shouting at the top of his voice: '0 you Arabs! Here is your great man whom you
have been waiting for!' So all the Muslims rushed to their arms and received Allah's Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) on the summit of Harra. The Prophet turned with them to the right and alighted at the quarters of Bani Amr Ibn 'Auf, and this was on Monday in the month of Rabi-ul-Awal.

Abu Bakr stood up, receiving the people, while Allah's Messenger sat down and kept silent. Some of the
Ansar who came and had not seen Allah's Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) before began greeting Abu Bakr, but when the sunshine fell on Allah's Messenger and Abu Bakr came forward and shaded him with his sheet, only then the people came to know Allah's Messenger. Allah's Messenger stayed with Bani Amr Ibn Auf for ten nights and established the mosque (Mosque of Quba) which was founded on piety. Allah's Messenger prayed in it and then mounted his she-camel and proceeded on, accompanied by the people till his she-camel knelt down at (the place of) the Mosque of Allah's Messenger at Medina.

Some Muslims used to pray there in those days, and that place was a yard for drying dates belonging to Suhail and Sahl, the orphan boys who were under the guardianship of Asad Ibn Zurara. When his she-camel
knelt down, Allah's Messenger said: 'This place, Allah willing, will be our abiding place.' Allah's Messenger
then called the two boys and told them to suggest a price for that yard so that he might take it as a mosque.
The two boys said: 'No, but we will give it as a gift, 0 Allah's Messenger!" Allah's Messenger then built a
mosque there.

The Prophet himself started carrying unburnt bricks for its building and while doing so, he was saying: 'This
load is better than the load of Khaibar, for it is more pious in the Sight of Allah and purer and better
rewardable.' He was also saying: '0 Allah! The actual reward is the reward in the Hereafter, so bestow Your
Mercy on the Ansar and the Emigrants.' Thus the Prophet recited (by way of proverb) the poem of some
Muslim poet whose name is unknown to me." (Ibn Shibab said, "In the hadiths it does not occur that Allah's
Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) recited a complete poetic verse other than this one)."

The Beginning of the Muslim Calendar
Thus was accomplished the hijrah, or the flight of  Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) as called in European annals, from which the Islamic calendar dates.

YathribBecomes Medina
When the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and his companions settled at Yathrib, this city changed its name, and henceforth was called, Al-Medina Al-Munawara, The Illuminated City, or more shortly, Medina, The City. It is situated about eleven day's journey to the north of Mecca. At that time it was ruled by two Kahtanite tribes, Aws and Khazraj. These two tribes, however, were constantly quarreling among themselves. It was onlyabout the time when the Prophet announced his mission at Mecca that these tribes, after long years of continuous warfare, entered on a period of comparative peace. When the Prophet settled at Medina, the tribes of Aws and Khazraj forgot entirely their old feuds and were united together in the bond of Islam.

Their old divisions were soon effaced and the "Ansar", the Helpers of the Prophet, became the common
designation of all Medinites who had helped the Prophet in his cause. Those who emigrated with him from
Mecca received the title of "Muhajereen" or The Emigrants. The Prophet, in order to unite both classes in
closer bonds, established between them a brotherhood which linked them together as children of the same
parents, with the Prophet as their guardian.

Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) Makes a Contract in Medina
The first step the Prophet took, after his settlement at Medina, was to build a mosque for the worship of
Allah according to principles of Islam. Also, houses for the accommodation of the emigrants were soon
erected. Medina and its suburbs were at this time inhabited by three distinct parties, the Emigrants, the Helpers, and the Jews. In order to weld them together into an orderly federation, the Prophet  (صلى الله عليه و سلم) granted a charter to the people, clearly defining their rights and obligations. This charter represented the framework of the first commonwealth organized by the Prophet. It started thus: "In the name of the Most Merciful and Compassionate Lord, this charter is given by Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم), the Messenger of Allah to all believers, whether of Quraish or Medina, and all individuals of whatever origin who have made common cause with them, who shall all constitute one nation."

The following are some extracts from the charter: The state of peace and war shall be common to all
Muslims; no one among them shall have the right of concluding peace with, or declaring war against, the
enemies of his co-religionists. The Jews who attach themselves to our commonwealth shall be protected from
all insults and vexations; they shall have an equal right with our own people to our assistance and good
offices. The Jews of the various branches and all others domiciled in Medina shall form with the Muslims one
composite nation; they shall practice their religion as freely as the Muslims. The allies of the Jews shall enjoy
the same security and freedom. The guilty shall be pursued and punished. The Jews shall join the Muslims in
defending Medina against all enemies. The interior of Medina shall be a sacred place for all who accept this
charter. All true Muslims shall hold in abhorrence every man guilty of crime, injustice or disorder; no one shall
uphold the culpable, though he be his nearest kin.

After dealing with the interior management of the State, the charter concluded as follows: "All future disputes arising among those who accept this charter shall be referred, under Allah to the Prophet." Thus this charter put an end to the state of anarchy that prevailed among the Arabs. It constituted the Prophet Muhammad as chief magistrate of the nation.

The Hypocrites
The party of the Ansars, or Helpers, included some lukewarm converts who retained an ill-concealed
predilection for idolatry. These were headed by Abdullah Ibn Ubai, a man with some claims to distinction.
They ostensibly joined Islam, but in secret were disaffected. They often were a source of considerable
danger to the newborn commonwealth and required unceasing watchfulness on the part of the Prophet.
Towards them he always showed the greatest patience and forbearance, hoping in the end to win them
over to the faith, which expectations were fully justified by the result. With the death of 'Abdullah Ibn Ubai,
his party which were known as the party of the "Munafiqeen" (the Hypocrites) disappeared.

The Jews Present a Problem
The Jews who constituted the third party of the Medinites were, however, the most serious element of
danger. No kindness or generous treatment on the part of the Prophet would seem to satisfy them. They
soon broke off and ranged themselves with the enemies of the new faith. They did not hesitate to declare
openly that they preferred idolatry, with its attendant evils, to the faith of Islam. Thus, the Prophet had to
keep an eye on his enemies outside Medina, on the one hand, and those within the city on the other. The
Meccans who had sworn Muhammad's (صلى الله عليه و سلم) death were well acquainted, thanks to the party of the Hypocrites and of the Jews at Medina, with the real forces of the Muslims. They also knew that the Jews had accepted Muhammad's (صلى الله عليه و سلم) alliance only from motives of temporary expendience and that they would break away from him to join the idolaters as soon as the latter showed themselves in the vicinity of Medina. The safety of the state required the proscription of the traitors who were secretly giving information to the common enemy. About six men were executed for high treason of this nature.

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Family History

Before Prophethood

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) First Revelation

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Message to Meccans

The Quraish Torture the Weak

The First Hijrah

Muhammad (peace be upon him) is Asked for a Sign

The Death of Khadijah (ra)

The Miraj

Muhammad Converts Some Jews of Yathrib (Madina)

The Disbelievers Plot to Kill Muhammad (peace be upon him)

The Migration of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to Madina

Arrival of Muhammad (peace be upon him) in Medina

The Battle of Badr

The Battle of Uhud

The Third Major Battle with the Quraish

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) Establishes a Contract with Christians

The Muslims Spread Islam Universally

Muslims Defeat the Jews of Khaiber

Retribution for the killing of a Islamic Envoy

Conquest of Mecca

The Battle of Hunain and Other Small Battles

The Majority of Meccans Becomes Muslims

Muhammad (peace be upon him) Accomplishes His Mission

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Last Sermon

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Last Prayer

Source: The Alim Program

ISL Software Corporation 

Who Created the Alim?

The Alim's original concept was developed by Amir Jafri and Shahid N. Shah. The Alim's software was designed and written by Shahid N. Shah. The Alim's content were produced and developed by Amir Jafri, Rashid N. Shah, and Shahid N. Shah. The Qur'an in Arabic script was processed by Farhana N. Shah and Recitation was recorded by Zafar Jafri, Rachna Ayesha Jafri, and Amir Jafri.


"Good deeds are not equal to the evil ones. Repel other's evil deeds with your good deeds. You will see that he with whom you had enmity, will become your close friend.
But none will attain this quality except those who patiently endure and none will attain this quality except those who are truly fortunate."

Chapter: 41, Verses 34-35, Al-Quran
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