2008/05/28

Before Prophethood

Muhammad's (صلى الله عليه و سلم) First Wife

When Muhammad was twenty-five years old, he traveled once more to Syria as the factor of a noble and
rich Quraishi widow named Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her. ) ; and, having proved himself faithful in the commercial interests of that lady, he was soon rewarded with her hand in marriage. This marriage proved fortunate and singularly happy. Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her. ) was much the senior of her husband, but in spite of the disparity of age between them, tender devotion on both sides existed. This marriage gave him the loving heart of a woman who was ever ready to console him in his despair and to keep alive within him the feeble, flickering flame of hope when no man believed in him and the world appeared gloomy in his eyes.

The Conditions in Mecca

Until he reached thirty years of age, Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) was almost a stranger to the outside world. Since the death of his grandfather, authority in Mecca was divided among the ten senators who constituted the governing body of the Arabian Commonwealth. There was no such accord among them as to ensure the safety of individual rights and property. Though family relations afforded some degree of protection to citizens, strangers were frequently exposed to persecution and oppression. In many cases they were
robbed, not only of their goods, but even of their wives and daughters. At the instigation of the faithful
Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم), an old league called the Federation of Fudul, i.e., favors, was revived with the object of repressing lawlessness and defending every weak individual - whether Meccan or stranger, free or slave - against any wrong or oppression to which he might be the victim within the territories of Mecca.


Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)Settles Some Meccan Disputes

When Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) reached thirty-five years, he settled by his judgment a grave dispute which threatened to plunge the whole of Arabia into a fresh series of her oft-recurring wars. In rebuilding the Sacred House of the Ka'ba in A.D. 605, the question arose as to who should have the honor of raising the black stone, the most holy relic of that House, into its proper place. Each tribe claimed that honor. The senior citizen advised the disputants to accept for their arbitrator the first man to enter from a certain gate. The
proposal was agreed upon, and the first man who entered the gate was Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) "Al-Ameen."

His advice satisfied all the contending parties. He ordered the stone to be placed on a piece of cloth and each
tribe to share the honor of lifting it up by taking hold of a part of the cloth. The stone was thus deposited
in its place, and the rebuilding of the House was completed without further interruption. It is related that, about this time, a certain Usman, Ibn Huwairith, supported by Byzantine gold, made an attempt to convert the territory of Hijaz into a Roman dependency, but the attempt failed, chiefly through the instrumentality of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم).

Muhammad's (صلى الله عليه و سلم) Family Life

These are nearly all the public acts related by historians in which Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) took part in the first fifteen years of his marriage to Khadijah. As for his private life he is described to have been ever helpful to the needy and the helpless. His uncle, Abu Talib, had fallen into distress through his endeavors to maintain the old position of his family. Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم), being rather rich at this time by his alliance with Khadijah (ra), tried to discharge part of the debt of gratitude and obligation which he owed to his uncle by undertaking the bringing up and education of his son Ali. A year later he adopted Akil, another of his uncle's sons. Khadijah (ra) bore Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) three sons and four daughters. All the males died in childhood, but in loving Ali he found much consolation.

Zaid, Muhammad's (صلى الله عليه و سلم) Son

About this time Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) set a good example of kindness, which created a salutary effect upon his people. His wife Khadijah had made him a present of a young slave named Zaid Ibn Haritha, who had been brought as a captive to Mecca and sold to Khadijah. When Haritha heard that Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) possessed Zaid, he came to Mecca and offered a large sum for his ransom.
Whereupon Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: "Let Zaid (ra) come here, and if he chooses to go with you, take him without ransom; but if it be his choice to stay with me, why should I not keep him?" Zaid, being brought into Muhammad's (صلى الله عليه و سلم) presence, declared that he would stay with his master, who treated him as if he were his only son. Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) no sooner heard this than he took Zaid by the hand and led him to the black stone of Kaba, where he publicly adopted him as his son, to which the father acquiesced and returned home well satisfied. Henceforward Zaid was called the son of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم).

Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and Meditation

Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) was now approaching his fortieth year, and his mind was ever engaged in profound contemplation and reflection. Before him lay his country, bleeding and torn by fratricidal wars and intolerable dissensions; his people, sunk in barbarism, addicted to the observation of rites and superstitions, were, with all their desert virtues, lawless and cruel. His two visits to Syria had opened to him a scene of unutterable moral and social desolation, rival creeds and sects tearing each other to pieces, carrying their hatred to the valleys and deserts of Hijaz, and rending the townships of Arabia with their quarrels and bitterness. For years after his marriage, Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) had been accustomed to secluding himself in a cave in Mount Hira, a few miles from Mecca. To this cave he used to go for prayer and meditation, sometimes alone and sometimes with his family. There, he often spent whole nights in deep thought and profound communion with the Unseen yet All-Knowing Allah of the Universe. It was during one of those retirements and in the still hours of the night, when no human sympathy was near, that an angel came to him to tell him that he was the Messenger of Allah sent to reclaim a fallen people to the knowledge and service of their Lord.
Guidelines
"Good deeds are not equal to the evil ones. Repel other's evil deeds with your good deeds. You will see that he with whom you had enmity, will become your close friend.
But none will attain this quality except those who patiently endure and none will attain this quality except those who are truly fortunate."

Chapter: 41, Verses 34-35, Al-Quran
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