2008/05/13

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) Establishes a Contract with Christians

It was about this time that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) granted to the monks of the Monastery of St. Catherine, near Mount Sinai, his liberal charter by which they secured for the Christians noble and generous privileges and immunities. He undertook himself, and enjoined his followers, to protect the Christians, to defend their churches and the residences of their priests and to guard them from all injuries. They were not to be unfairly taxed; no bishop was to be driven out of his diocese; no Christian was to be forced to reject his religion; no monk was to be expelled from his monastery; no pilgrim was to be stopped from his pilgrimage; nor were the Christian churches to be pulled down for the sake of building mosques or houses for the Muslims.
Christian women married to Muslims were to enjoy their own religion and not to be subjected to compulsion or annoyance of any kind. If the Christians should stand in need of assistance for the repair of their churches or monasteries, or any other matter pertaining to their religion, the Muslims were to assist them. This was not to be considered as supporting their religion, but as simply rendering them assistance in special circumstances. Should the Muslims be engaged in hostilities with outside Christians, no Christian resident among the Muslims should be treated with contempt on account of his creed. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) declared that any Muslim violating any clause of the charter should be regarded as a transgressor of Allah's commandments, a violator of His testament and neglectful of His faith.



The Treaty of Hudaibiya
Six years had already elapsed since the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and his Meccan followers had fled from their birthplace. Their hearts began to yearn for their homes and for their Sacred House the Kaba. As the season of the pilgrimage approached, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) announced his intention to visit the holy center, and numerous voices of his disciples responded to the call. Preparations were soon made for the journey to Mecca. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم), accompanied by seven or eight hundred Muslims, Emigrants and Ansars, all totally unarmed, set out on the pilgrimage. The Quraish, who were still full of animosity towards the Muslims, gathered a large army to prevent them from entering Mecca and maltreated the envoy whom the Prophet had sent to ask their permission to visit the holy places.

After much difficulty, a treaty was concluded by which it was agreed that all hostilities should cease for ten years; that any one coming from the Quraish to the Prophet without the permission of the guardian or chief should be given back to the idolaters; that any Muslim persons going over to the Meccans should not be surrendered; that any tribe desirous of entering into alliance, either with the Quraish or with the Muslims, should be at liberty to do so without disputes; that the Muslims should go back to Medina on the present occasion and stop advancing further; that they should be permitted in the following year to visit Mecca and to remain there for three days with the arms they used on journeys, namely, their scimitars in sheaths. The Treaty of Hudaibiya thus ended, the Prophet returned with his people to Medina.




Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Family History

Before Prophethood

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) First Revelation

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Message to Meccans

The Quraish Torture the Weak

The First Hijrah

Muhammad (peace be upon him) is Asked for a Sign

The Death of Khadijah (ra)

The Miraj

Muhammad Converts Some Jews of Yathrib (Madina)

The Disbelievers Plot to Kill Muhammad (peace be upon him)

The Migration of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to Madina

Arrival of Muhammad (peace be upon him) in Medina

The Battle of Badr

The Battle of Uhud

The Third Major Battle with the Quraish

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) Establishes a Contract with Christians

The Muslims Spread Islam Universally

Muslims Defeat the Jews of Khaiber

Retribution for the killing of a Islamic Envoy

Conquest of Mecca

The Battle of Hunain and Other Small Battles

The Majority of Meccans Becomes Muslims

Muhammad (peace be upon him) Accomplishes His Mission

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Last Sermon

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Last Prayer



Source: The Alim Program

ISL Software Corporation 
 
www.islsoftware.com


Who Created the Alim?

The Alim's original concept was developed by Amir Jafri and Shahid N. Shah. The Alim's software was designed and written by Shahid N. Shah. The Alim's content were produced and developed by Amir Jafri, Rashid N. Shah, and Shahid N. Shah. The Qur'an in Arabic script was processed by Farhana N. Shah and Recitation was recorded by Zafar Jafri, Rachna Ayesha Jafri, and Amir Jafri.




 



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"Good deeds are not equal to the evil ones. Repel other's evil deeds with your good deeds. You will see that he with whom you had enmity, will become your close friend.
But none will attain this quality except those who patiently endure and none will attain this quality except those who are truly fortunate."

Chapter: 41, Verses 34-35, Al-Quran
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