2008/05/18

The Migration of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to Madina

Aisha's (May Allah be pleased with her) narration continues: "At that time the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) was in Mecca, and he said to the Muslims: 'In a dream I have been shown your migration place, a land of dat  palm trees, between two mountains, the two stony tracts.' So, some people migrated to Medina, and most of those people who had previously migrated to the land of Ethiopia, returned to Medina. Abu Bakr also prepared to leave for Medina, but Allah's Messenger said to him: 'Wait for a while, because I hope that I will be allowed to migrate also.' Abu Bakr said: 'Do you indeed expect this? Let my father be sacrificed for you!' The Prophet said: 'Yes.' So Abu Bakr did not migrate for the sake of Allah's Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) in order to accompany him. He fed two she-camels he possessed with the leaves of As-Samur tree that fell on being struck by a stick for four months.

"One day, while we were sitting in Abu Bakr's house at noon, someone said to Abu Bakr: 'This is Allah's Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) with his head covered coming at a time at which he never used to visit us before.' Abu Bakr said: 'May my parents be sacrificed for him. By Allah he has not come at this hour except for a great necessity.'

So Allah's Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) came and asked permission to enter, and he was allowed to enter. When he entered, he said to Abu Bakr: 'Tell everyone who is present with you to go away.' Abu Bakr replied: 'There are none but your family. May my father be sacrificed for you, 0 Allah's Messenger!' (صلى الله عليه و سلم)
  The Prophet  (صلى الله عليه و سلم)said: 'I have been given permission to migrate.' Abu Bakr said: 'Shall
I accompany you? May my father be sacrificed for you, 0 Allah's Messenger!' Allah's Messenger said: 'Yes.' Abu Bakr said, '0 Allah's Messenger! May my father be sacrificed for you, take one of these two she-camels of mine.' Allah's Messenger replied: '(I will accept it) with payment.'

So we prepared the baggage quickly and put some journey food in a leather bag for them. Asma, Abu Bakr's daughter, cut a piece from her waist belt and tied the mouth of the leather bag with it, and for that reason she was named "Dhat-un-Nitaqain" (i.e. the owner of two belts).

'Then Allah's Messenger  (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and Abu Bakr reached a cave on the mountain of Thaur and stayed there for three nights. Abdullah Ibn Abi Bakr who was an intelligent and sagacious youth, used to stay (with them) overnight. He used to leave them before day break so that in the morning he would be with Quraish as if he had spent the night in Mecca. He would keep in mind any plot made against them and when it became dark he would (go and) inform them of it.

Amir Ibn Fuhaira, the freed slave of Abu Bakr, used to bring the milk sheep (of his master, Abu Bakr) to them a little while after nightfall in order to rest the sheep there. So they always had fresh milk at night, the milk of their sheep, and the milk which they warmed by throwing heated stones in it. Amir Ibn Fuhaira would then call the herd away when it was still dark (before daybreak). He did the same in each of those three nights.

Allah's Messenger  (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and Abu Bakr had hired a man from the tribe of Bani Ad-Dail from the family of Bani Abd Ibn Adi as an expert guide, and he was in alliance with the family of Al-As Ibn Wa'il As-Sahmi and he was in the religion of the infidels of Quraish. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and Abu Bakr trusted him and gave him their two she-camels and took his promise to bring their two she camels to the cave of the mountain of Thaur in the morning after three nights later. And (when they set out), 'Amir Ibn
Fuhaira and the guide went along with them and the guide led them, along the seashore."


The nephew of Suraqa Ibn Jusham said that his father informed him that he heard Suraqa Ibn Jusham saying: 'The messengers of the pagans of Quraish came to us declaring that they had assigned for the persons who would kill or arrest Allah's Messenger and Abu Bakr, a reward equal to their blood-money.

While I was sitting in one of the gatherings of my tribe, Bani Mudlij, a man from them came to us and stood up while we were sitting and said: '0 Suraqa! No doubt, I have just seen some people far away on the seashore, and I think they are Muhammad and his companions.' I, too, realized that it must have been they. But I said: 'No, it is not they, but you have seen so-and-so and so and-so, whom we saw set out.' I stayed in the gathering for a while and then got up and left for my home, and ordered my slave-girl to get my horse, which was behind a hillock, and keep it ready for me.

"Then I took my spear and left by the back door of my house dragging the lower end of the spear on the ground and keeping it low. Then I reached my horse, mounted it and made it gallop. When I approached them (i.e. Muhammad and Abu Bakr), my horse stumbled and I fell down from it. Then I stood up, got hold of my quiver and took out the divining arrows and drew lots as to whether I should harm them or not, and the lot which I disliked came out. But I remounted my horse and let it gallop, giving no importance to the divining arrows. When I heard the recitation of the Qur'an by Allah's Messenger who did not look hither and thither while Abu Bakr was doing it often, suddenly the forelegs of my horse sank into the ground up to the knees, and I fell down from it. Then I rebuked it, and it got up but could hardly take out its forelegs from the ground, and when it stood up straight again, its forelegs caused dust to rise up in the sky like
smoke. Then again I drew lots with the divining arrows, and the lot which I disliked came out. So I called upon them to feel secure. They stopped, and I remounted my horse and went to them. When I saw how I had been hampered from harming them, it came to my mind that the cause of Allah's Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) (i.e. Islam) would become victorious.

So I said to him: 'Your people have assigned a reward equal to the blood-money for your head.' Then I told them all the plans the people of Mecca had made concerning them. Then I offered them some journey food and goods, but they refused to take anything and did not ask for anything, but the Prophet said: 'Do not tell others about us.' Then I requested him to write for me a statement of security and peace. He ordered 'Amir Ibn Fuhaira, who wrote it for me on a parchment, and then Allah's Messenger proceeded on his way.



Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Family History

Before Prophethood

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) First Revelation

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Message to Meccans

The Quraish Torture the Weak

The First Hijrah

Muhammad (peace be upon him) is Asked for a Sign

The Death of Khadijah (ra)

The Miraj

Muhammad Converts Some Jews of Yathrib (Madina)

The Disbelievers Plot to Kill Muhammad (peace be upon him)

The Migration of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to Madina

Arrival of Muhammad (peace be upon him) in Medina

The Battle of Badr

The Battle of Uhud

The Third Major Battle with the Quraish

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) Establishes a Contract with Christians

The Muslims Spread Islam Universally

Muslims Defeat the Jews of Khaiber

Retribution for the killing of a Islamic Envoy

Conquest of Mecca

The Battle of Hunain and Other Small Battles

The Majority of Meccans Becomes Muslims

Muhammad (peace be upon him) Accomplishes His Mission

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Last Sermon

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Last Prayer



Source: The Alim Program

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Who Created the Alim?

The Alim's original concept was developed by Amir Jafri and Shahid N. Shah. The Alim's software was designed and written by Shahid N. Shah. The Alim's content were produced and developed by Amir Jafri, Rashid N. Shah, and Shahid N. Shah. The Qur'an in Arabic script was processed by Farhana N. Shah and Recitation was recorded by Zafar Jafri, Rachna Ayesha Jafri, and Amir Jafri.




 



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Chapter: 41, Verses 34-35, Al-Quran
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