2008/05/20

The Miraj

The Miraj

The Miraj -
Brief
Description
In the twelfth year of his mission, the Prophet made his night journey from Mecca to Jerusalem, and thence to
heaven. His journey, known in history as Miraj (Ascension), was a real bodily one and not only a vision. It was
at this time that Allah ordered the Muslims to pray the five daily prayers.

Almighty Allah has said: Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah) above all that (evil) they associate with Him, Who
took His slave Muhammad for a journey by night from AlMasjid-al-Haram (at Makka) to the farthest mosque (in
Jerusalem), the neighborhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad) of
0ur Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer." Surah 17: 1

The Miraj -
Full
Description
Abbas Ibn Malik reported that Malik Ibn Sasaa said that Allah's Messenger described to them his Night
Journey saying: "While I was lying in Al-Hatim or Al-Hijr, suddenly someone came to me and cut my body open
from here to here." I asked Al-Jarud, who was by my side, "What does he mean?" He said: "It means from his
throat to his pubic area," or said, "From the top of the chest." The Prophet further said, "He then took out my
heart. Then a gold tray of Belief was brought to me and my heart was washed and was filled (with Belief) and
then returned to its original place. Then a white animal which was smaller than a mule and bigger than a
donkey was brought to me." (On this Al-Jarud asked: "Was it the Buraq, 0 Abu Hamza?" I (i.e. Anas) replied in
the affirmative. The Prophet said: 'The animal's step (was so wide that it) reached the farthest point within
the reach of the animal's sight. I was carried on it, and Gabriel set out with me till we reached the nearest
heaven.

"When he asked for the gate to be opened, it was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel.' It was
asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has Muhammad been called?'
Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!' The gate
was opened, and when I went over the first heaven, I saw Adam there. Gabriel said (to me): 'This is your
father, Adam; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said:'You are
welcomed, 0 pious son and pious Prophet.'

Then Gabriel ascended with me till we reached the second heaven. Gabriel asked for the gate to be opened.
It was asked: 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered: 'Gabriel.' It was asked: 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel
replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked: 'Has he been called?' Gabriel answered in the affirmative. Then it was
said: 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened. "When I went over the second
heaven, there I saw John (Yahya) and Jesus (Isa), who were cousins of each other. Gabriel said (to me):
'These are John and Jesus; pay them your greetings.' So I greeted them and both of them returned my
greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, 0 pious brother and pious Prophet.'

Then Gabriel ascended with me to the third heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked: 'Who
is it?' Gabriel replied: 'Gabriel.' It was asked: 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was
asked: 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said: 'He is welcomed, what an
excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went over the third heaven there I saw Joseph
(Yusuf). Gabriel said (to me): 'This is Joseph; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the
greeting to me and said: 'You are welcomed, 0 pious brother and pious Prophet.'

Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fourth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked:
'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel' It was asked: 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied: 'Muhammad.' It
was asked: 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said: 'He is welcomed, what
an excellent visit his is!' "The gate was opened, and when I went over the fourth heaven, there I saw Enoch
(Idris). Gabriel said (to me): This is Enoch; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the
greeting to me and said: 'You are welcomed, 0 pious brother and pious Prophet.'

Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fifth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked: 'Who
is it?' Gabriel replied: 'Gabriel.' It was asked: 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied: 'Muhammad.' It was
asked: 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said: "He is welcomed, what an
excellent visit his is! So when I went over the fifth heaven, there I saw Aaron (Harun), Gabriel said (to me):
'This is Aaron; pay him your greetings.' I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said: 'You are
welcomed, 0 pious brother and pious Prophet.'

Then Gabriel ascended with me to the sixth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked: 'Who
is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel.' It was asked: 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied: 'Muhammad.' It was
asked: 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. It was said: 'He is welcomed. What an excellent
visit his is!' "When I went (over the sixth heaven), there I saw Moses (Musa). Gabriel said (to me): 'This is
Moses; pay him your greeting. So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said: 'You are
welcomed, 0 pious brother and pious Prophet.' When I left him (i.e. Moses) he wept. Someone asked him:
'What makes you weep?' Moses said: 'I weep because after me there has been sent (as Prophet) a young
man whose followers will enter Paradise in greater numbers than my followers.'

Then Gabriel ascended with me to the seventh heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked:
'Who is it?' Gabriel replied: 'Gabriel.' It was asked: 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied: 'Muhammad.'
It was asked: 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said: 'He is welcomed. What
an excellent visit his is!' "So when I went (over the seventh heaven), there I saw Abraham (Ibrahim). Gabriel
said (to me): This is your father; pay your greetings to him.' So I greeted him and he returned the greetings
to me and said: 'You are welcomed, 0 pious son and pious Prophet.'

Then I was made to ascend to Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (i.e. the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary). Behold! Its
fruits were like the jars of Hajr (i.e. a place near Medina) and its leaves were as big as the ears of elephants.
Gabriel said: 'This is the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary.' Behold! There ran four rivers; two were hidden
and two were visible, I asked: 'What are these two kinds of rivers, 0 Gabriel?' He replied: 'As for the hidden
rivers, they are two rivers in Paradise and the visible rivers are the Nile and the Euphrates.'

'Then Al-Bait-ul-Mamur (i.e. the Sacred House) was shown to me and a container full of wine and another full
of milk and a third full of honey were brought to me. I took the milk. Gabriel remarked: 'This is the Islamic
religion which you and your followers are following.'

Then the prayers were enjoined on me: they were fifty prayers a day. When I returned, I passed by Moses,
who asked (me): 'What have you been ordered to do?' I replied: 'I have been ordered to offer fifty prayers a
day.' Moses said: 'Your followers cannot bear fifty prayers a day, and by Allah I have tested people before
you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israel (in vain). Go back to your Lord and ask for reduction to
lessen your followers' burden.' So I went back, and Allah reduced ten prayers for me. Then again I came to
Moses, but he repeated the same as he had said before. Then again I went back to Allah, and He reduced
ten more prayers. When I came back to Moses he said the same. I went back to Allah, and He ordered me to
observe ten prayers a day. When I came back to Moses, he repeated the same advice, so I went back to
Allah and was ordered to observe five prayers a day.

"When I came back to Moses, he said: 'What have you been ordered?' I replied: 'I have been ordered to
observe five prayers a day.' He said: 'Your followers cannot bear five prayers a day, and no doubt, I have got
an experience of the people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israel, so go back to your
Lord and ask for reduction to lessen your followers' burden.' I said: 'I have requested so much of my Lord
that I feel ashamed, but I am satisfied now and surrender to Allah's Order.' When I left, I heard a voice
saying: 'I have passed My order and have lessened the burden of My worshippers."'



Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Family History

Before Prophethood

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) First Revelation

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Message to Meccans

The Quraish Torture the Weak

The First Hijrah

Muhammad (peace be upon him) is Asked for a Sign

The Death of Khadijah (ra)

The Miraj

Muhammad Converts Some Jews of Yathrib (Madina)

The Disbelievers Plot to Kill Muhammad (peace be upon him)

The Migration of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to Madina

Arrival of Muhammad (peace be upon him) in Medina

The Battle of Badr

The Battle of Uhud

The Third Major Battle with the Quraish

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) Establishes a Contract with Christians

The Muslims Spread Islam Universally

Muslims Defeat the Jews of Khaiber

Retribution for the killing of a Islamic Envoy

Conquest of Mecca

The Battle of Hunain and Other Small Battles

The Majority of Meccans Becomes Muslims

Muhammad (peace be upon him) Accomplishes His Mission

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Last Sermon

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Last Prayer



Source: The Alim Program

ISL Software Corporation 
 
www.islsoftware.com


Who Created the Alim?

The Alim's original concept was developed by Amir Jafri and Shahid N. Shah. The Alim's software was designed and written by Shahid N. Shah. The Alim's content were produced and developed by Amir Jafri, Rashid N. Shah, and Shahid N. Shah. The Qur'an in Arabic script was processed by Farhana N. Shah and Recitation was recorded by Zafar Jafri, Rachna Ayesha Jafri, and Amir Jafri.




 



Guidelines
"Good deeds are not equal to the evil ones. Repel other's evil deeds with your good deeds. You will see that he with whom you had enmity, will become your close friend.
But none will attain this quality except those who patiently endure and none will attain this quality except those who are truly fortunate."

Chapter: 41, Verses 34-35, Al-Quran
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