2008/05/12

The Muslims Spread Islam Universally

About this time it was revealed to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) that his mission should be universal. He dispatched several envoys to invite the neighboring sovereigns to Islam. The embassy to the king of Persia, Chosroes Parvis, was received with disdain and contumely. He was haughtily amazed at the boldness of the Meccan fugitive in addressing him on terms of equality. He was so enraged that he tore into pieces the Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و سلم) letter of invitation to Islam and dismissed the envoy from his presence with great contempt. When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) received information on this treatment, he calmly observed: 'Thus will the Empire of Chosroes be torn to pieces."

The embassy to Heraclius, the Emperor of the Romans, was received much more politely and reverentially. He treated the ambassador with great respect and sent the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) a gracious reply to his message.

Another envoy was sent to an Arab prince of the Ghassanite tribe, a Christian feudatory of Heraclius. This
prince, instead of receiving the envoy with any respect, cruelly murdered him. This act caused great consternation among the Muslims, who considered it as an outrage of international obligations.

Abu Sufyan and Heraclius Meet

Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas: Abu Sufyan Ibn Harb informed me that Heraclius had sent a messenger to him while he had been accompanying a caravan from Quraish. They were merchants doing business in Sham
(Syria, Palestine, Lebanon and Jordan) at the time when Allah's Messenger had a truce with Abu Sufyan and
Quraish infidels. So Abu Sufyan and his companions went to Heraclius at Ilya (Jerusalem). Heraclius called them in the court and he had all the senior Roman dignitaries around him. He called for his translator who, translating Heraclius's question, said to them: "Who among you is closely related to that man who claims to be a Prophet?" Abu Sufyan replied: "I am the nearest relative to him (amongst the group)."

Heraclius said: "Bring him (Abu Sufyan) close to me and make his companions stand behind him." 
 Abu Sufyan added: "Heraclius told his translator to tell my companions that he wanted to put some questions to me regarding that man (The Prophet) and that if I told a lie they (my companions) should contradict me. By Allah! Had I not been afraid of my companions labeling me a liar, I would not have spoken the truth about the Prophet."
Abu Sufyan's narration continues: "The first question he asked me about him was:

"What is his family status among you?"

I replied: "He belongs to a good (noble) family amongst us."
Heraclius further asked: "Has anybody among you ever claimed the same (i.e. to be a Prophet) before him?" 
I replied: "No."

He said: "Was anybody amongst his ancestors a king?"

I replied: "No."

Heraclius asked: "Do the nobles or the poor follow him?"
I replied: "It is the poor who follow him."

He said: "Are his followers increasing or decreasing (day by day)?"

I replied: "They are increasing." He then asked: "Does anybody amongst those who embrace his religion become displeased and renounce the religion afterwards?" I replied: "No."

Heraclius said: "Have you ever accused him of telling lies before his claim (to be a Prophet)?"
I replied: "No."

Heraclius said: "Does he break his promises?" I replied: "No. We are at truce with him but we do not know what he will do in it." I could not find opportunity to say anything against him except that.

Heraclius asked: "Have you ever had a war with him?" I replied: "Yes."

Then he said: "What was the outcome of the battles?" I replied: "Sometimes he was victorious and sometimes we."
Heraclius said: "What does he order you to do?"

I said: "He tells us to worship Allah and Allah alone and not to worship anything along with Him, and to renounce all that our ancestors had said. He orders us to pray, to speak the truth, to be chaste and to keep good relations with our kith and kin."
Heraclius asked the translator to convey to me the following: "I asked you about his family and your reply was
that he belonged to a very noble family. In fact, all the Messengers come from noble families among their
respective peoples. I questioned you whether anybody else among you claimed such a thing; your reply was
in the negative. If the answer had been in the affirmative, I would have thought that this man was following
the previous man's statement. Then I asked you whether anyone of his ancestors was a king. Your reply was
in the negative, and if it had been in the affirmative, I would have thought that this man wanted to take back
his ancestral kingdom. I further asked whether he was ever accused of telling lies before he said what he
said, and your reply was in the negative. So I wondered how a person who does not tell a lie about others
could ever tell a lie about Allah. I then asked you whether the rich people followed him or the poor. You
replied that it was the poor who followed him. And, in fact, all the Messengers have been followed by this very
class of people. Then I asked you whether his followers were increasing or decreasing. You replied that they
were increasing, and, in fact, this is the way of true faith, till it is complete in all respects. I further asked you
whether there was anybody, who, after embracing his religion, became displeased and discarded his religion.
Your reply was in the negative, and, in fact, this is (the sign of) true faith, when its delight enters the hearts
and mixes with them completely. I asked you whether he had ever betrayed. You replied in the negative, and
likewise the Messengers never betray. Then I asked you what he ordered you to do. You replied that he
ordered you to worship Allah and Allah alone and not to worship anything along with Him, and forbade you to
worship idols, and ordered you to pray, to speak the truth and to be chaste. If what you have said is true, he
will very soon occupy this place underneath my feet and I knew it (from the scriptures) that he was going to
appear but I did not know that he would be from you, and if I could reach him definitely, I would go
immediately to meet him and if I were with him, I would certainly wash his feet."

Heraclius then asked for the letter addressed by Allah's Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) which had been delivered by Dihya to the
Governor of Busra, who forwarded it to Heraclius to read. The contents of the letter were as follows: "In the
name of Allah the Beneficent, the Merciful. (This letter is) from Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) the slave of Allah and His
Messenger to Heraclius the ruler of Byzantine. Peace be upon him who follows the right path. Furthermore I
invite you to Islam, and if you become a Muslim you will be safe, and Allah will double your reward, and if you
reject this invitation of Islam, you will be committing a sin by misguiding your subjects. (And I recite to you
Allah's Statement:) Say (0 Muhammad): '0 people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): Come to a word that
is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partners with Him, and
that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allah.' Then, if they turn away say: 'Bear witness that we
are Muslims.'"

Abu Sufyan then added: When Heraclius had finished his speech and had read the letter, there was a great
hue and cry in the Royal Court. So we were turned out of the court. I told my companions that the question of
Ibn-Abi-Kabsha (the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)) had become so prominent that even the King of Bani Al-Asfar
(Byzantine) was afraid of him. Then I started to become sure that he (the Prophet) would be the conqueror in
the near future till I embraced Islam (i.e. Allah guided me to it).

Heraclius's
Hatred of
Islam
The sub narrator (of the Abu Sufyan story) added that Ibn An-Natur was the Governor of llya (Jerusalem) and
Heraclius was the head of the Christians of Sham. Ibn An-Natur narrated that once while Heraclius was
visiting Ilya (Jerusalem), he got up in the morning with a sad mood. Some of his priests asked him why he was
in that mood. Heraclius was a foreteller and an astrologer. He replied: "At night when I looked at the stars, I
saw that the leader of those who practice circumcision had appeared (become the conqueror). Who are they
who practice circumcision?"

The people replied: "Except the Jews, nobody practices circumcision, so you should not be afraid of them
(Jews). Just issue orders to kill every Jew present in the country.'

While they were discussing it, a messenger sent by the king of Ghassan to convey the news of Allah's
Messenger to Heraclius was brought in. Having heard the news, he (Heraclius) ordered the people to go and
see whether the messenger of Ghassan was circumcised. The people, after seeing him, told Heraclius that he
was circumcised. Heraclius then asked him about the Arabs. The messenger replied: "Arabs also practice
circumcision."

(After hearing that) Heraclius remarked that sovereignty of the Arabs had appeared. Heraclius then wrote a
letter to his friend in Rome who was as good as Heraclius in knowledge. Heraclius then left for Homs (a town
in Syria) and stayed there till he received the reply of his letter from his friend, who agreed with him in his
opinion about the emergence of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and the fact that he was a Prophet. On that, Heraclius invited all
the heads of the Byzantines to assemble in his palace at Homs. When they assembled, he ordered that all the
doors of his palace be closed. Then he came out and said: "0 Byzantines! If success is your desire and if you
seek right guidance and want your empire to remain, then give a pledge of allegiance to this Prophet (i.e.
embrace Islam)."

(On hearing the views of Heraclius) the people ran towards the gates of the palace like onagers but found the
doors closed. Heraclius realized their hatred towards Islam and when he lost the hope of their embracing
Islam, he ordered that they should be brought back in audience.

(When they returned) he said: "What was already said was just to test the strength of your conviction and I
have seen it." The people prostrated before him and became pleased with him, and this was the end of
Heraclius's story (in connection with his faith).





Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Family History

Before Prophethood

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) First Revelation

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Message to Meccans

The Quraish Torture the Weak

The First Hijrah

Muhammad (peace be upon him) is Asked for a Sign

The Death of Khadijah (ra)

The Miraj

Muhammad Converts Some Jews of Yathrib (Madina)

The Disbelievers Plot to Kill Muhammad (peace be upon him)

The Migration of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to Madina

Arrival of Muhammad (peace be upon him) in Medina

The Battle of Badr

The Battle of Uhud

The Third Major Battle with the Quraish

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) Establishes a Contract with Christians

The Muslims Spread Islam Universally

Muslims Defeat the Jews of Khaiber

Retribution for the killing of a Islamic Envoy

Conquest of Mecca

The Battle of Hunain and Other Small Battles

The Majority of Meccans Becomes Muslims

Muhammad (peace be upon him) Accomplishes His Mission

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Last Sermon

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Last Prayer



Source: The Alim Program

ISL Software Corporation 
 
www.islsoftware.com


Who Created the Alim?

The Alim's original concept was developed by Amir Jafri and Shahid N. Shah. The Alim's software was designed and written by Shahid N. Shah. The Alim's content were produced and developed by Amir Jafri, Rashid N. Shah, and Shahid N. Shah. The Qur'an in Arabic script was processed by Farhana N. Shah and Recitation was recorded by Zafar Jafri, Rachna Ayesha Jafri, and Amir Jafri.




 



Guidelines
"Good deeds are not equal to the evil ones. Repel other's evil deeds with your good deeds. You will see that he with whom you had enmity, will become your close friend.
But none will attain this quality except those who patiently endure and none will attain this quality except those who are truly fortunate."

Chapter: 41, Verses 34-35, Al-Quran
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