Conquest of Mecca

The Muslims Decide to Conquer Mecca
About the end of the seventh year of the hijrah, the Quraish and their allies, the Bani Bakr, violated the terms
of the peace concluded at Hudaibiya by attacking the Bani Khuzaah, who were in alliance with the Muslims.
The Bani Khuzaah appealed to the Prophet for help and protection. The Prophet determined to make a stop
to the reign of injustice and oppression which had lasted so long at Mecca. He immediately gathered ten
thousand men to march against the idolaters and set out on our 1 January, 630.

Abu Sufyan Accepts Islam

After eight days the Muslim army halted and alighted at Marr Az-Zahran, a day's journey from Mecca. On the night of their arrival, Abu Sufyan, who was delegated by the Quraish to ask the Prophet to abandon his
project, presented himself and besought an interview. In the morning it was granted. "Has the time not come, 0 Abu Sufyan," said the Prophet, "for you to acknowledge that there is no deity save Allah and that I am His Messenger?" Abu Sufyan, after hesitating for a while, pronounced the prescribed formula of belief and adopted Islam. He was then sent back to prepare the city for the Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و سلم) approach.

The Muslims Win Control Over Mecca
With the exception of a slight resistance by certain clans headed by Ikrima and Safwan, in which many
Muslims were killed, the Prophet entered Mecca almost unopposed. The city which had treated him so cruelly, driven him and his faithful band for refuge among strangers, the city which had sworn his life and the lives of his devoted adherents, now lay at his mercy. His old persecutors were now completely at his feet. The
Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) entered Mecca on his favorite camel Al Kaswa, having Usama Ibn Zaid sitting behind him. On his way he recited Surah Al-Fat-h (Victory), the first verses of which may be interpreted thus: Verily We have given you (0 Muhammad) a manifest victory. That Allah may forgive you your sins of the past and future, and complete His Favor on you, and guide you on the Straight Path; and that Allah may help you with strong help. Surah 48: 1-3

The Muslim army entered the city unpretentiously and peacefully. No house was robbed, no man or woman
was insulted. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) granted a general amnesty to the entire population of Mecca. Only four criminals, whom justice condemned, were proscribed. He did however, order the destruction of all idols and pagan images of worship, upon which three hundred and fifty idols which were in the Sacred House of Kaba were thrown down. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) himself destroyed a wooden pigeon hung from the roof and regarded as one of the deities of the Quraish. During the downfall of the images and idols he was heard to cry aloud: "Allah is great. Truth has come and falsehood has vanished; verily falsehood is fleeting." The old idolaters observed thoughtfully the destruction of their gods which were utterly powerless.

After the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) had abolished these pagan idols and every pagan rite, he delivered a sermon to the assembled people. He dwelt upon the natural brotherhood of man in the words of the Qur'an: O mankind! We created you from a single pair of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes that you might get to know one another. Surely the noblest of you in the sight of Allah is he who is the most righteous. Allah is All-Knowledgeable, All-Aware.
 Surah 49: 13

The Muslims' Entry into Mecca - Long Version

Narrated Hisham's father: When Allah's Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) set out (towards Mecca) during the year of the Conquest(of Mecca) and this news reached (the infidels of Quraish), Abu Sufyan, Hakim Ibn Hizam and Budail Ibn  Warqa came out to gather information about Allah's Messenger. They proceeded on their way till they reached a place called Marr-az-Zahran (which is near Mecca). Behold! There they saw many fires as if they were the fires of Arafat. Abu Sufyan said: "What is this? It looks like the fires of Arafat." Budail Ibn Warqa' said: "Banu Amr are less in number than that." Some of the guards of Allah's Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) saw them and took them over, caught them, and brought them to Allah's Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Abu Sufyan embraced Islam.

When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) proceeded, he said to Al-Abbas: "Keep Abu Sufyan standing at the top of the mountain so that he would look at the Muslims. So Al-Abbas kept him standing (at that place) and the tribes with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم)started passing in front of Abu Sufyan in military batches. A batch passed and Abu Sufyan said: "0 'Abbas who are these?" 'Abbas said, 'They are (Banu) Ghifar." Abu Sufyan said: "I have got nothing to do with Ghifar." Then (a batch of the tribe of) Juhaina passed by and he said similarly as above. Then (a batch of the tribe of) Sad Ibn Huzaim passed by and he said similarly as above. Then (Banu) Sulaim passed by and he said similarly as above. Then came a batch, the like of which Abu Sufyan had not seen. He said: "Who are these?" Abbas said: 'They are the Ansar headed by Sad Ibn 'Ubada, the one holding the flag." Sad Ibn 'Ubada said: "0 Abu Sufyan! Today is the day of a great battle and today (what is prohibited in) the Kaba will be permissible." Abu Sufyan said. "0 Abbas! How excellent the day of destruction is!" Then came another batch (of warriors) which was the smallest of all the batches, and in it there were Allah's Messenger and his companions, and the flag of the Prophet was carried by Az-Zubair Ibn Al-Awwam. When Allah's Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) passed by Abu Sufyan, the latter said (to the Prophet): "Do you know what Sad Ibn 'Ubada said?" The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: "What did he say?" Abu Sufyan said: "He said so-and-so." The Prophet said: "Sad told a lie, but today Allah will give superiority to the Kaba and today the Kaba will be covered with a (cloth) covering."
Allah's Messenger ordered that his flag be fixed at Al-Hajun.

The Muslims' Entry into Mecca - Short Version

Narrated Urwa: Nafi Ibn Jubair Ibn Mutim said: "I heard Al-Abbas saying to Az-Zubair Ibn Al-Awwam, '0 Abu Abdullah! Did Allah's Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) order you to fix the flag here?' "Allah's Messenger ordered Khalid IbnAl-Walid to enter Mecca from its upper part from Kadaa while the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) himself entered from Kudaa. Two men from the cavalry of Khalid Ibn Al-Walid named Hubaish Ibn AlAshar and Kurz Ibn Jabir Al-Fihri were martyred on that day.

Many People Become Muslims
Now great multitudes came to adopt Islam and take the oath of allegiance to the Prophet. For this purpose
an assembly was held at As-Safa Mountain. Umar, acting as the Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و سلم) deputy administered the oath, whereby the people bound themselves not to adore any deity but Allah to obey the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) to abstain from theft, adultery, infanticide, lying and backbiting. Thus was fulfilled the prophecy embodied in the Surah
Al-Fat-h in the Qur'an.

Islam Continues to Spread UniversallyDuring his stay at Mecca, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) dispatched his principal disciples in every direction to preach Islam among the wild tribes of the desert and call them to the true religion of Allah. He sent small detachments of his troops into the suburbs who destroyed the temples of Al 'Uzza, Suwaa and Manat, the three famous idols in the temples of the neighboring tribes. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) gave strict orders that these expeditions should be carried out in a peaceable manner. These injunctions were obeyed in all cases, with one exception. The troops under Khalid Ibn Al-Walid, the fierce newly-converted warrior, killed a few of the Bani Jazima. When the news of this wanton bloodshed reached the Prophet, he was deeply grieved and exclaimed: "Oh, my Lord, I am innocent of what Khalid has done." He dispatched a large sum of money for the widows and orphans of the slain and severely rebuked Khalid.

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Family History

Before Prophethood

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) First Revelation

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Message to Meccans

The Quraish Torture the Weak

The First Hijrah

Muhammad (peace be upon him) is Asked for a Sign

The Death of Khadijah (ra)

The Miraj

Muhammad Converts Some Jews of Yathrib (Madina)

The Disbelievers Plot to Kill Muhammad (peace be upon him)

The Migration of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to Madina

Arrival of Muhammad (peace be upon him) in Medina

The Battle of Badr

The Battle of Uhud

The Third Major Battle with the Quraish

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) Establishes a Contract with Christians

The Muslims Spread Islam Universally

Muslims Defeat the Jews of Khaiber

Retribution for the killing of a Islamic Envoy

Conquest of Mecca

The Battle of Hunain and Other Small Battles

The Majority of Meccans Becomes Muslims

Muhammad (peace be upon him) Accomplishes His Mission

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Last Sermon

Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Last Prayer

Source: The Alim Program

ISL Software Corporation 

Who Created the Alim?

The Alim's original concept was developed by Amir Jafri and Shahid N. Shah. The Alim's software was designed and written by Shahid N. Shah. The Alim's content were produced and developed by Amir Jafri, Rashid N. Shah, and Shahid N. Shah. The Qur'an in Arabic script was processed by Farhana N. Shah and Recitation was recorded by Zafar Jafri, Rachna Ayesha Jafri, and Amir Jafri.


"Good deeds are not equal to the evil ones. Repel other's evil deeds with your good deeds. You will see that he with whom you had enmity, will become your close friend.
But none will attain this quality except those who patiently endure and none will attain this quality except those who are truly fortunate."

Chapter: 41, Verses 34-35, Al-Quran
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